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Citation
Weber, F., Kay, S.A. (2003). A PERIOD inhibitor buffer introduces a delay mechanism for CLK/CYC-activated transcription.  FEBS Lett. 555(2): 341--345.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0167584
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

We investigated the functions of clock genes period (per) and timeless (tim) in establishing negative feedback on circadian transcription factors clock/cycle (Clk/cyc) in Drosophila. We show that PER protein persists for several hours after rapid degradation of TIM in the morning. We observed in cell culture that isolated PER inhibits CLK/CYC-activated transcription in the absence of TIM and we further demonstrated for the first time in vivo that PER accumulation in a tim loss-of-function mutant background causes efficient inhibition of CLK/CYC-dependent transcription. These results identify PER to be the main inhibitor for CLK/CYC and they suggest a delay mechanism during early morning, when PER protein, after degradation of TIM, forms an inhibitor buffer for CLK/CYC that attenuates the restart of the next cycle of CLK/CYC-activated transcription. While TIM likely enhances the inhibition of CLK/CYC by PER in the dark, our results suggest a reduction of PER-mediated inhibition by TIM in light.

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    Language of Publication
    English
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    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    FEBS Lett.
    Title
    FEBS Letters
    Publication Year
    1968-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0014-5793
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (5)
    Genes (5)
    Transgenic Constructs (2)