Genetic and proteomic approaches have identified numerous proteins that are potentially involved in regulating transcriptional elongation, but the mechanisms of action of these proteins remain largely unknown. We describe an experimental approach using native gel electrophoresis for studying interactions of elongation factors with isolated Pol II elongation complexes. The gel distinguishes Pol IIA and Pol IIB containing complexes. The interaction of DSIF (Spt4/Spt5) with the elongation complexes can be readily detected, and this association is not dependent on the carboxyl-terminal domain of the largest subunit of Pol II. We also report the surprising observation that a monoclonal antibody that binds the carboxyl-terminal domain of Pol II triggers the dissociation of the elongation complex. The action of the antibody could be mimicking the action of cellular factors involved in transcription termination.