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Kirkpatrick, C.A., Dimitroff, B.D., Rawson, J.M., Selleck, S.B. (2004). Spatial regulation of Wingless morphogen distribution and signaling by Dally-like protein.  Dev. Cell 7(4): 513--523.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0180126
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Wingless (Wg) is a morphogen required for the patterning of many Drosophila tissues. Several lines of evidence implicate heparan sulfate-modified proteoglycans (HSPGs) such as Dally-like protein (Dlp) in the control of Wg distribution and signaling. We show that dlp is required to limit Wg levels in the matrix, contrary to the expectation from overexpression studies. dlp mutants show ectopic activation of Wg signaling at the presumptive wing margin and a local increase in extracellular Wg levels. dlp somatic cell clones disrupt the gradient of extracellular Wg, producing ectopic activation of high threshold Wg targets but reducing the expression of lower threshold Wg targets where Wg is limiting. Notum encodes a secreted protein that also limits Wg distribution, and genetic interaction studies show that dlp and Notum cooperate to restrict Wg signaling. These findings suggest that modification of an HSPG by a secreted hydrolase can control morphogen levels in the matrix.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Cell
    Title
    Developmental Cell
    Publication Year
    2001-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1534-5807 1878-1551
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (9)
    Genes (12)
    Insertions (4)
    Transgenic Constructs (4)