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Citation
Vereshchagina, N., Bennett, D., Szoor, B., Kirchner, J., Gross, S., Vissi, E., White-Cooper, H., Alphey, L. (2004). the essential role of PP1beta in Drosophila is to regulate nonmuscle myosin.  Mol. Biol. Cell 15(10): 4395--4405.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0180501
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Reversible phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (MRLC) is a key regulatory mechanism controlling myosin activity and thus regulating the actin/myosin cytoskeleton. We show that Drosophila PP1beta, a specific isoform of serine/threonine protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), regulates nonmuscle myosin and that this is the essential role of PP1beta. Loss of PP1beta leads to increased levels of phosphorylated nonmuscle MRLC (Sqh) and actin disorganisation; these phenotypes can be suppressed by reducing the amount of active myosin. Drosophila has two nonmuscle myosin targeting subunits, one of which (MYPT-75D) resembles MYPT3, binds specifically to PP1beta, and activates PP1beta's Sqh phosphatase activity. Expression of a mutant form of MYPT-75D that is unable to bind PP1 results in elevation of Sqh phosphorylation in vivo and leads to phenotypes that can also be suppressed by reducing the amount of active myosin. The similarity between fly and human PP1beta and MYPT genes suggests this role may be conserved.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC519135 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Biol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Biology of the Cell
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1059-1524
    Data From Reference