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Citation
Kim, T.W., Kwon, Y.J., Kim, J.M., Song, Y.H., Kim, S.N., Kim, Y.J. (2004). MED16 and MED23 of Mediator are coactivators of lipopolysaccharide- and heat-shock-induced transcriptional activators.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101(33): 12153--12158.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0180625
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Transcriptional activators interact with diverse proteins and recruit transcriptional machinery to the activated promoter. Recruitment of the Mediator complex by transcriptional activators is usually the key step in transcriptional activation. However, it is unclear how Mediator recognizes different types of activator proteins. To systematically identify the subunits responsible for the signal- and activator-specific functions of Mediator in Drosophila melanogaster, each Mediator subunit was depleted by RNA interference, and its effect on transcriptional activation of endogenous as well as synthetic promoters was examined. The depletion of some Mediator gene products caused general transcriptional defects, whereas depletion of others caused defects specifically related to activation. In particular, MED16 and MED23 were required for lipopolysaccharide- and heat-shock-specific gene expression, respectively, and their activator-specific functions appeared to result from interaction with specific activators. The corequirement of MED16 for other forms of differentiation-inducing factor-induced transcription was confirmed by microarray analysis of differentiation-inducing factor (DIF)- and MED16-depleted cells individually. These results suggest that distinct Mediator subunits interact with specific activators to coordinate and transfer activator-specific signals to the transcriptional machinery.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC514449 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Title
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Publication Year
    1915-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0027-8424
    Data From Reference