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Citation
Zhang, Y.Q., Broadie, K. (2005). Fathoming fragile X in fruit flies.  Trends Genet. 21(1): 37--45.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0183686
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

Fragile X syndrome (FraX) is the most common inherited mental retardation disease. It is caused by mutation of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (fmr1) gene. The FMR1 protein (FMRP) is a widely expressed RNA-binding translational regulator with reportedly hundreds of potential targets. Recent work has focused on putative roles of FMRP in regulating the development and plasticity of neuronal synaptic connections. The newest animal model of FraX, the fruit fly Drosophila, has revealed several novel mechanistic insights into the disease. This review focuses on Drosophila FMRP as (i) a negative regulator of translation via noncoding RNA, including microRNA and adaptor BC1 RNA-mediated silencing mechanisms; (ii) a negative regulator of microtubule cytoskeleton stability; and (iii) a negative regulator of neuronal architectural complexity.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Trends Genet.
    Title
    Trends in Genetics
    Publication Year
    1985-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0168-9525
    Data From Reference
    Genes (14)