|Citation||Spada, F., Vincent, M., Thompson, E.M. (2005). Plasticity of histone modifications across the invertebrate to vertebrate transition: histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation in heterochromatin. Chromosome Res. 13(1): 57--72. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Histone posttranslational modifications mediate establishment of structurally and functionally distinct chromatin compartments of eukaryotic nuclei. The association of different histone modifications with euchromatic and heterochromatic compartments is relatively conserved in highly divergent model organisms such as Drosophila and mammals. However, some differences between these model systems have been uncovered while limited data are available from organisms nearer the invertebrate-vertebrate transition. We identified a chromatin compartment in both diploid and endocycling cells of the urochordate, Oikopleura dioica, enriched in heterochromatic histone modifications and DNA methylation. Surprisingly, this compartment also contained high levels of histone H3 trimethylated at lysine 4 (H3 Me(3)K4), a modification thus far associated with actively transcribed sequences. Although in Drosophila and mouse cells, H3 Me(3)K4 was prevalently associated with euchromatin, we also detected it in their pericentromeric heterochromatin. We further showed that H3 Me(3)K4 abundance was not necessarily proportional to local levels of transcriptional activity in either euchromatin or heterochromatin. Our data indicate greater plasticity across evolution in the association of histone lysine methylation with functionally distinct chromatin domains than previously thought and suggest that H3 Me(3)K4 participates in additional processes beyond marking transcriptionally active chromatin.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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