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Citation
Senoo-Matsuda, N., Igaki, T., Miura, M. (2005). Bax-like protein Drob-1 protects neurons from expanded polyglutamine-induced toxicity in Drosophila.  EMBO J. 24(14): 2700--2713.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0187514
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Bcl-2 family proteins regulate cell death through the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Here, we show that the Drosophila Bax-like Bcl-2 family protein Drob-1 maintains mitochondrial function to protect cells from neurodegeneration. A pan-neuronal knockdown of Drob-1 results in lower locomotor activity and a shorter lifespan in adult flies. Either the RNAi-mediated downregulation of Drob-1 or overexpression of Drob-1 antagonist Buffy strongly enhances the polyglutamine-induced accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins and subsequent neurodegeneration. Furthermore, ectopic expression of Drob-1 suppresses the neurodegeneration and premature death of flies caused by expanded polyglutamine. Drob-1 knockdown decreases cellular ATP levels, and enhances respiratory inhibitor-induced mitochondrial defects such as loss of membrane potential (Deltapsim), morphological abnormalities, and reductions in activities of complex I+III and complex II+III, as well as cell death. Taken together, these results suggest that Drob-1 is essential for neuronal cell function, and that Drob-1 protects neurons from expanded polyglutamine-mediated neurodegeneration through the regulation of mitochondrial homeostasis.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1176450 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    EMBO J.
    Title
    The EMBO Journal
    Publication Year
    1982-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0261-4189
    Data From Reference