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Mito, Y., Henikoff, J.G., Henikoff, S. (2005). Genome-scale profiling of histone H3.3 replacement patterns.  Nat. Genet. 37(10): 1090--1097.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0188154
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Histones of multicellular organisms are assembled into chromatin primarily during DNA replication. When chromatin assembly occurs at other times, the histone H3.3 variant replaces canonical H3. Here we introduce a new strategy for profiling epigenetic patterns on the basis of H3.3 replacement, using microarrays covering roughly one-third of the Drosophila melanogaster genome at 100-bp resolution. We identified patterns of H3.3 replacement over active genes and transposons. H3.3 replacement occurred prominently at sites of abundant RNA polymerase II and methylated H3 Lys4 throughout the genome and was enhanced on the dosage-compensated male X chromosome. Active genes were depleted of histones at promoters and were enriched in H3.3 from upstream to downstream of transcription units. We propose that deposition and inheritance of actively modified H3.3 in regulatory regions maintains transcriptionally active chromatin.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Genet.
    Title
    Nature Genetics
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1061-4036 1546-1718
    Data From Reference
    Genes (9)
    Natural transposons (12)