Open Close
Duncan, K., Grskovic, M., Strein, C., Beckmann, K., Niggeweg, R., Abaza, I., Gebauer, F., Wilm, M., Hentze, M.W. (2006). Sex-lethal imparts a sex-specific function to UNR by recruiting it to the msl-2 mRNA 3' UTR: translational repression for dosage compensation.  Genes Dev. 20(3): 368--379.
FlyBase ID
Publication Type
Research paper

MSL-2 (male-specific lethal 2) is the limiting component of the Drosophila dosage compensation complex (DCC) that specifically increases transcription from the male X chromosome. Ectopic expression of MSL-2 protein in females causes DCC assembly on both X chromosomes and lethality. Inhibition of MSL-2 synthesis requires the female-specific protein sex-lethal (SXL), which binds to the msl-2 mRNA 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) and blocks translation through distinct UTR-specific mechanisms. Here, we purify translationally silenced msl-2 mRNPs and identify UNR (upstream of N-ras) as a protein recruited to the 3' UTR by SXL. We demonstrate that SXL requires UNR as a corepressor for 3'-UTR-mediated regulation, imparting a female-specific function to the ubiquitously expressed UNR protein. Our results reveal a novel functional role for UNR as a translational repressor and indicate that UNR is a key component of a "fail-safe" dosage compensation regulatory system that prevents toxic MSL-2 synthesis in female cells.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1361707 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Related Publication(s)

UNRaveling the regulation of dosage compensation.
Shyu, 2006, Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 13(3): 189--190 [FBrf0191294]

Associated Information
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Genes Dev.
    Genes & Development
    Publication Year
    Data From Reference
    Genes (14)
    Physical Interactions (2)