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Citation
Moses, A.M., Pollard, D.A., Nix, D.A., Iyer, V.N., Li, X.Y., Biggin, M.D., Eisen, M.B. (2006). Large-scale turnover of functional transcription factor binding sites in Drosophila.  PLoS Comput. Biol. 2(10): e130.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0192397
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The gain and loss of functional transcription factor binding sites has been proposed as a major source of evolutionary change in cis-regulatory DNA and gene expression. We have developed an evolutionary model to study binding-site turnover that uses multiple sequence alignments to assess the evolutionary constraint on individual binding sites, and to map gain and loss events along a phylogenetic tree. We apply this model to study the evolutionary dynamics of binding sites of the Drosophila melanogaster transcription factor Zeste, using genome-wide in vivo (ChIP-chip) binding data to identify functional Zeste binding sites, and the genome sequences of D. melanogaster, D. simulans, D. erecta, and D. yakuba to study their evolution. We estimate that more than 5% of functional Zeste binding sites in D. melanogaster were gained along the D. melanogaster lineage or lost along one of the other lineages. We find that Zeste-bound regions have a reduced rate of binding-site loss and an increased rate of binding-site gain relative to flanking sequences. Finally, we show that binding-site gains and losses are asymmetrically distributed with respect to D. melanogaster, consistent with lineage-specific acquisition and loss of Zeste-responsive regulatory elements.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1599766 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    PLoS Comput. Biol.
    Title
    PLoS Computational Biology
    Publication Year
    2005-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1553-7358 1553-734X
    Data From Reference
    Genes (3)
    Datasets (4)