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Citation
Fang, M., Li, J., Blauwkamp, T., Bhambhani, C., Campbell, N., Cadigan, K.M. (2006). C-terminal-binding protein directly activates and represses Wnt transcriptional targets in Drosophila.  EMBO J. 25(11): 2735--2745.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0192637
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Regulation of Wnt transcriptional targets is thought to occur by a transcriptional switch. In the absence of Wnt signaling, sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins of the TCF family repress Wnt target genes. Upon Wnt stimulation, stabilized beta-catenin binds to TCFs, converting them into transcriptional activators. C-terminal-binding protein (CtBP) is a transcriptional corepressor that has been reported to inhibit Wnt signaling by binding to TCFs or by preventing beta-catenin from binding to TCF. Here, we show that CtBP is also required for the activation of some Wnt targets in Drosophila. CtBP is recruited to Wnt-regulated enhancers in a Wnt-dependent manner, where it augments Armadillo (the fly beta-catenin) transcriptional activation. We also found that CtBP is required for repression of a subset of Wnt targets in the absence of Wnt stimulation, but in a manner distinct from previously reported mechanisms. CtBP binds to Wnt-regulated enhancers in a TCF-independent manner and represses target genes in parallel with TCF. Our data indicate dual roles for CtBP as a gene-specific activator and repressor of Wnt target gene transcription.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1500853 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    EMBO J.
    Title
    The EMBO Journal
    Publication Year
    1982-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0261-4189
    Data From Reference