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Citation
Polesello, C., Huelsmann, S., Brown, N.H., Tapon, N. (2006). The Drosophila RASSF homolog antagonizes the hippo pathway.  Curr. Biol. 16(24): 2459--2465.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0192943
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Correct organ size is determined by the balance between cell death and proliferation. Perturbation of this delicate balance leads to cancer formation . Hippo (Hpo), the Drosophila ortholog of MST1 and MST2 (Mammalian Sterile 20-like 1 and 2) is a key regulator of a signaling pathway that controls both cell death and proliferation . This pathway is so far composed of two Band 4.1 proteins, Expanded (Ex) and Merlin (Mer), two serine/threonine kinases, Hpo and Warts (Wts), the scaffold proteins Salvador (Sav) and Mats, and the transcriptional coactivator Yorkie (Yki). It has been proposed that Ex and Mer act upstream of Hpo, which in turn phosphorylates and activates Wts. Wts phosphorylates Yki and thus inhibits its activity and reduces expression of Yki target genes such as the caspase inhibitor DIAP1 and the micro RNA bantam. However, the mechanisms leading to Hpo activation are still poorly understood. In mammalian cells, members of the Ras association family (RASSF) of tumor suppressors have been shown to bind to MST1 and modulate its activity . In this study, we show that the Drosophila RASSF ortholog (dRASSF) restricts Hpo activity by competing with Sav for binding to Hpo. In addition, we observe that dRASSF also possesses a tumor-suppressor function.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1828611 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Curr. Biol.
    Title
    Current Biology
    Publication Year
    1991-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0960-9822
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (15)
    Gene Groups (1)
    Genes (9)
    Physical Interactions (6)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (2)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (4)