|Citation||Maiato, H., Hergert, P.J., Moutinho-Pereira, S., Dong, Y., Vandenbeldt, K.J., Rieder, C.L., McEwen, B.F. (2006). The ultrastructure of the kinetochore and kinetochore fiber in Drosophila somatic cells. Chromosoma 115(6): 469--480. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Drosophila melanogaster is a widely used model organism for the molecular dissection of mitosis in animals. However, despite the popularity of this system, no studies have been published on the ultrastructure of Drosophila kinetochores and kinetochore fibers (K-fibers) in somatic cells. To amend this situation, we used correlative light (LM) and electron microscopy (EM) to study kinetochores in cultured Drosophila S2 cells during metaphase, and after colchicine treatment to depolymerize all microtubules (MTs). We find that the structure of attached kinetochores in S2 cells is indistinct, consisting of an amorphous inner zone associated with a more electron-dense peripheral surface layer that is approximately 40-50 nm thick. On average, each S2 kinetochore binds 11+/-2 MTs, in contrast to the 4-6 MTs per kinetochore reported for Drosophila spermatocytes. Importantly, nearly all of the kinetochore MT plus ends terminate in the peripheral surface layer, which we argue is analogous to the outer plate in vertebrate kinetochores. Our structural observations provide important data for assessing the results of RNAi studies of mitosis, as well as for the development of mathematical modelling and computer simulation studies in Drosophila and related organisms.|
What does this section display?
This section contains items that were added to this record for each release. It currently only tracks new links between this FlyBase report and other FlyBase data classes (e.g. genes, references, stocks) or controlled vocabulary terms (e.g. GO, anatomy terms).
What does this section not display?
This section does not currently display links that were removed or gene model changes.
Click the icon below to subscribe to this FlyBase record and receive updates automatically through your feed reader.
|All updates||Click here to see a list of all updates to this record from FB2010_08 and on.|
|Language of Publication||English|
|Additional Languages of Abstract|
|Also Published As|
|Data from Reference|