|Citation||Satralkar, M.K., Khare, P.V., Keny, V.L., Chhakchhuak, V., Kasture, M.S., Shivagaje, A.J., Iyyer, S.B., Barnabas, R.J., Joshi, D.S. (2007). Effects of photophase and altitude on oviposition rhythm of the himalayan strains of Drosophila ananassae. Chronobiol. Int. 24(3): 389--405. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||The effects of varying photophase and altitude of origin on the phase angle difference (Psi) of the circadian rhythm of oviposition during entrainment to light-dark (LD) cycles and the aftereffects of such photophases on the period of the free-running rhythm (tau) in constant darkness (DD) were evaluated in two Himalayan strains of Drosophila ananassae, the high-altitude (HA) strain from Badrinath (5,123 m above sea level=ASL) and the low-altitude (LA) strain from Firozpur (179 m ASL). The Psi (i.e., the hours from lights-on of the LD cycle to oviposition median) of both strains was determined in LD cycles in which the photophase at 100 lux varied from 6 to 18 h/24 h. The HA strain was entrained by all LD cycles except the one with 6 h photophase in which it was weakly rhythmic, but the LA strain was entrained by only three LD cycles with photophases of 10, 12, and 14 h, but photophases of 6, 8, 16, and 18 h rendered it arrhythmic. Lights-off transition of LD cycles was the phase-determining signal for both strains as oviposition medians of the HA strain occurred approximately 6 h prior to lights-off, while those of the LA strain occurred approximately 1 h after lights-off. The Psi of the HA strain increased from approximately 2 h in 8 h photophase to approximately 11 h in 18 h photophase, while that of the LA strain increased from approximately 11 h in 10 h photophase to approximately 15 h in 14 h photophase. The aftereffects of photophase of the prior entraining LD cycles on tau in DD were determined by transferring flies from LD cycles to DD. The tau of the HA strain increased from approximately 19 to approximately 25 h when transferred to DD from LD 8:16 and LD 18:6 cycles, respectively, whereas the tau of the LA strain increased from approximately 26 to approximately 28 h when transferred to DD from LD 10:14 and LD 14:10 cycles, respectively. Thus, these results demonstrate that the photophases of entraining LD cycles and the altitude of origin affected several parameters of entrainment and the period of the free-running rhythm of these strains.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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