|Citation||Crone, E.J., Sutherland, T.D., Campbell, P.M., Coppin, C.W., Russell, R.J., Oakeshott, J.G. (2007). Only one esterase of Drosophila melanogaster is likely to degrade juvenile hormone in vivo. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 37(6): 540--549. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Previously we identified juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) from Drosophila melanogaster by the criteria that it showed both appropriate developmental expression and kinetics for juvenile hormone (JH). We also noted three further esterases of D. melanogaster with some JHE-like characteristics, such as a GQSAG active site motif, a particular amphipathic helix, or close phylogenetic relationship with other JHEs. In this study, these JHE-like enzymes were expressed in vitro and their kinetic parameters compared with those of the previously identified JHE. Despite considerable phylogenetic distance between some of the esterases, they could all hydrolyse racemic JHIII. However, only the previously identified JHE had kinetic parameters (K(M) and k(cat)) towards various forms of JH (racemic or individual isomers of JHIII, JHII, JHI, and methyl farnesoate) consistent with a physiological role in JH regulation. Furthermore, only this JHE showed a preference for artificial substrates with acyl chain lengths similar to that of JH. This suggests that there is probably only one physiologically functional JHE in D. melanogaster but multiple esterases with JH esterase activity. Genomic comparisons of the selective JHE across 11 other Drosophila species showed a single orthologue in 10 of them but Drosophila willistoni has 16 full-length copies, five of them with the GQSAG motif and amphipathic helix.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Abbreviation||Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol.|
|Title||Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
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