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Citation
Okamura, K., Chung, W.J., Ruby, J.G., Guo, H., Bartel, D.P., Lai, E.C. (2008). The Drosophila hairpin RNA pathway generates endogenous short interfering RNAs.  Nature 453(7196): 803--806.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0205296
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

In contrast to microRNAs and Piwi-associated RNAs, short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are seemingly dispensable for host-directed gene regulation in Drosophila. This notion is based on the fact that mutants lacking the core siRNA-generating enzyme Dicer-2 or the predominant siRNA effector Argonaute 2 are viable, fertile and of relatively normal morphology. Moreover, endogenous Drosophila siRNAs have not yet been identified. Here we report that siRNAs derived from long hairpin RNA genes (hpRNAs) programme Slicer complexes that can repress endogenous target transcripts. The Drosophila hpRNA pathway is a hybrid mechanism that combines canonical RNA interference factors (Dicer-2, Hen1 (known as CG12367) and Argonaute 2) with a canonical microRNA factor (Loquacious) to generate approximately 21-nucleotide siRNAs. These novel regulatory RNAs reveal unexpected complexity in the sorting of small RNAs, and open a window onto the biological usage of endogenous RNA interference in Drosophila.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2735555 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Related Publication(s)
Personal communication to FlyBase

Lai lab miRNA expression and conservation data for Drosophila.
Mohammed and Lai, 2016.2.8, Lai lab miRNA expression and conservation data for Drosophila. [FBrf0230987]

Note

Genomics: protein fossils live on as RNA.
Sasidharan and Gerstein, 2008, Nature 453(7196): 729--731 [FBrf0215882]

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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nature
    Title
    Nature
    Publication Year
    1869-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0028-0836
    Data From Reference