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Pfeiffer, B.D., Jenett, A., Hammonds, A.S., Ngo, T.T.B., Misra, S., Murphy, C., Scully, A., Carlson, J.W., Wan, K.H., Laverty, T.R., Mungall, C., Svirskas, R., Kadonaga, J.T., Doe, C.Q., Eisen, M.B., Celniker, S.E., Rubin, G.M. (2008). Tools for neuroanatomy and neurogenetics in Drosophila.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(28): 9715--9720.
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Research paper

We demonstrate the feasibility of generating thousands of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster lines in which the expression of an exogenous gene is reproducibly directed to distinct small subsets of cells in the adult brain. We expect the expression patterns produced by the collection of 5,000 lines that we are currently generating to encompass all neurons in the brain in a variety of intersecting patterns. Overlapping 3-kb DNA fragments from the flanking noncoding and intronic regions of genes thought to have patterned expression in the adult brain were inserted into a defined genomic location by site-specific recombination. These fragments were then assayed for their ability to function as transcriptional enhancers in conjunction with a synthetic core promoter designed to work with a wide variety of enhancer types. An analysis of 44 fragments from four genes found that >80% drive expression patterns in the brain; the observed patterns were, on average, comprised of <100 cells. Our results suggest that the D. melanogaster genome contains >50,000 enhancers and that multiple enhancers drive distinct subsets of expression of a gene in each tissue and developmental stage. We expect that these lines will be valuable tools for neuroanatomy as well as for the elucidation of neuronal circuits and information flow in the fly brain.

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PubMed Central ID
PMC2447866 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Personal communication to FlyBase

GAL4 Driver Collection of Rubin Laboratory at Janelia Farm.
Pfeiffer et al., 2011.2.9, GAL4 Driver Collection of Rubin Laboratory at Janelia Farm. [FBrf0213040]

P{GMR72E03-GAL4} construct and insertion.
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GAL4 Driver Collection of Rubin Laboratory at Janelia Farm - Additional Lines.
Pfeiffer et al., 2011.11.21, GAL4 Driver Collection of Rubin Laboratory at Janelia Farm - Additional Lines. [FBrf0216821]

Janelia GAL4 Drivers - adult brain annotation table.
Jenett and Svirskas, 2012.9.24, Janelia GAL4 Drivers - adult brain annotation table. [FBrf0219498]

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    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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    Alleles (51)
    Genes (12)
    Datasets (1)
    Molecular Constructs (2)
    Sequence Features (27)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (12)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (50)