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Citation
Kelley, R.L., Lee, O.K., Shim, Y.K. (2008). Transcription rate of noncoding roX1 RNA controls local spreading of the Drosophila MSL chromatin remodeling complex.  Mech. Dev. 125(11-12): 1009--1019.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0206905
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The dosage compensation complex in Drosophila is composed of at least five MSL proteins and two noncoding roX RNAs that bind hundreds of sites along the single male X chromosome. The roX RNAs are transcribed from X-linked genes and their RNA products "paint" the male X. The roX RNAs and bound MSL proteins can spread in cis from sites of roX transcription, but the mechanism controlling spreading is unknown. Here we find that cis spreading from autosomal roX1 transgenes is coupled to the level of roX transcription. Low to moderate transcription favors, and vigorous transcription abolishes local spreading. We constructed a roX1 minigene one third the size of wild type as a starting point for mutagenesis. This allowed us to test which evolutionarily conserved motifs were required for activity. One short repeat element shared between roX1 and roX2 was found to be particularly important. When all copies were deleted, the RNA was inactive and unstable, while extra copies seem to promote local spreading of the MSL complex from sites of roX1 synthesis. We propose that assembly of the MSL proteins onto the extreme 3' region of elongating roX1 transcripts determines whether the MSL complex spreads in cis.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2659721 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mech. Dev.
    Title
    Mechanisms of Development
    Publication Year
    1990-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0925-4773
    Data From Reference