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Rauzi, M., Verant, P., Lecuit, T., Lenne, P.F. (2008). Nature and anisotropy of cortical forces orienting Drosophila tissue morphogenesis.  Nat. Cell Biol. 10(12): 1401--1410.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0206929
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
The morphogenesis of developing embryos and organs relies on the ability of cells to remodel their contacts with neighbouring cells. Using quantitative modelling and laser nano-dissection, we probed the mechanics of a morphogenetic process, the elongation of Drosophila melanogaster embryos, which results from polarized cell neighbour exchanges. We show that anisotropy of cortical tension at apical cell junctions is sufficient to drive tissue elongation. We estimated its value through comparisons between in silico and in vivo data using various tissue descriptors. Nano-dissection of the actomyosin network indicates that tension is anisotropically distributed and depends on myosin II accumulation. Junction relaxation after nano-dissection also suggests that cortical elastic forces are dominant in this process. Interestingly, fluctuations in vertex position (points where three or more cells meet) facilitate neighbour exchanges. We delineate the contribution of subcellular tensile activity polarizing junction remodelling, and the permissive role of vertex fluctuations during tissue elongation.
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Cell Biol.
    Title
    Nature Cell Biology
    Publication Year
    1999-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1465-7392 1476-4679
    Data From Reference
    Genes (2)