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Protzer, C.E., Wech, I., Nagel, A.C. (2008). Hairless induces cell death by downregulation of EGFR signalling activity.  J. Cell Sci. 121(19): 3167--3176.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0207053
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Overexpression of the Notch antagonist Hairless (H) during imaginal development in Drosophila is correlated with tissue loss and cell death. Together with the co-repressors Groucho (Gro) and C-terminal binding protein (CtBP), H assembles a repression complex on Notch target genes, thereby downregulating Notch signalling activity. Here we investigated the mechanisms underlying H-mediated cell death in S2 cell culture and in vivo during imaginal development in Drosophila. First, we mapped the domains within the H protein that are required for apoptosis induction in cell culture. These include the binding sites for the co-repressors, both of which are essential for H-mediated cell death during fly development. Hence, the underlying cause of H-mediated apoptosis seems to be a transcriptional downregulation of Notch target genes involved in cell survival. In a search for potential targets, we observed transcriptional downregulation of rho-lacZ and EGFR signalling output. Moreover, the EGFR antagonists lozenge, klumpfuss and argos were all activated upon H overexpression. This result conforms to the proapoptotic activity of H, as these factors are known to be involved in apoptosis induction. Together, the results indicate that H induces apoptosis by downregulation of EGFR signalling activity. This highlights the importance of a coordinated interplay of Notch and EGFR signalling pathways for cell survival during Drosophila development.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Cell Sci.
    Title
    Journal of Cell Science
    Publication Year
    1966-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0021-9533
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (14)
    Genes (16)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (9)