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Citation
Suzuki, E., Zhao, Y., Ito, S., Sawatsubashi, S., Murata, T., Furutani, T., Shirode, Y., Yamagata, K., Tanabe, M., Kimura, S., Ueda, T., Fujiyama, S., Lim, J., Matsukawa, H., Kouzmenko, A.P., Aigaki, T., Tabata, T., Takeyama, K., Kato, S. (2009). Aberrant E2F activation by polyglutamine expansion of androgen receptor in SBMA neurotoxicity.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(10): 3818--3822.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0207577
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyglutamine repeat (polyQ) expansion within the human androgen receptor (AR). Unlike other neurodegenerative diseases caused by abnormal polyQ expansion, the onset of SBMA depends on androgen binding to mutant human polyQ-AR proteins. This is also observed in Drosophila eyes ectopically expressing the polyQ-AR mutants. We have genetically screened mediators of androgen-induced neurodegeneration caused by polyQ-AR mutants in Drosophila eyes. We identified Rbf (Retinoblastoma-family protein), the Drosophila homologue of human Rb (Retinoblastoma protein), as a neuroprotective factor. Androgen-dependent association of Rbf or Rb with AR was remarkably potentiated by aberrant polyQ expansion. Such potentiated Rb association appeared to attenuate recruitment of histone deacetyltransferase 1 (HDAC1), a corepressor of E2F function. Either overexpression of Rbf or E2F deficiency in fly eyes reduced the neurotoxicity of the polyQ-AR mutants. Induction of E2F function by polyQ-AR-bound androgen was suppressed by Rb in human neuroblastoma cells. We conclude that abnormal expansion of polyQ may potentiate innate androgen-dependent association of AR with Rb. This appears to lead to androgen-dependent onset of SBMA through aberrant E2F transactivation caused by suppressed histone deacetylation.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2656163 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Title
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Publication Year
    1915-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0027-8424
    Data From Reference
    Genes (6)
    Human Disease Models (1)