|Citation||Plata, M.P., Kang, H.J., Zhang, S., Kuruganti, S., Hsu, S.J., Labrador, M. (2009). Changes in chromatin structure correlate with transcriptional activity of nucleolar rDNA in polytene chromosomes. Chromosoma 118(3): 303--322. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Ribosomal DNA genes (rDNA) are found in tandem arrays of hundreds of repeated genes, but only a fraction of these genes are actively transcribed. The regulatory mechanism controlling the transition between active and inactive rDNA in higher eukaryotes is vital for cell survival. Here, we show that the nucleolus from Drosophila salivary gland cells contains two levels of chromatin organization reflecting differences in transcriptional activity: Decondensed chromatin is highly occupied with TATA-box-binding protein (TBP), phosphorylated H3S10, and acetylated H3K14, suggesting that rDNA in decondensed nucleolar areas is actively transcribed. Condensed chromatin lacks TBP, phosphorylated H3S10, or acetylated H3K14 and is enriched in the rDNA retrotransposons R1 and R2. The data show that R1 and R2 retrotransposons are not actively transcribed in salivary glands and may lead to the epigenetic silencing of flanking rDNA genes and that the silencing mechanisms of these sequences might be partially independent of heterochromatin formation by methylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 and binding of heterochromatin protein 1.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Natural transposons (2)|