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Citation
Wu, H., Wang, M.C., Bohmann, D. (2009). JNK protects Drosophila from oxidative stress by trancriptionally activating autophagy.  Mech. Dev. 126(8-9): 624--637.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0208613
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

JNK signaling functions to induce defense mechanisms that protect organisms against acute oxidative and xenobiotic insults. Using Drosophila as a model system, we investigated the role of autophagy as such a JNK-regulated protective mechanism. We show that oxidative stress can induce autophagy in the intestinal epithelium by a mechanism that requires JNK signaling. Consistently, artificial activation of JNK in the gut gives rise to an autophagy phenotype. JNK signaling can induce the expression of several autophagy-related (ATG) genes, and the integrity of these genes is required for the stress protective function of the JNK pathway. In contrast to autophagy induced by oxidative stress, non-stress related autophagy, as it occurs for example in starving adipose or intestinal tissue, or during metamorphosis, proceeds independently of JNK signaling. Autophagy thus emerges as a multifunctional process that organisms employ in a variety of different situations using separate regulatory mechanisms.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2750887 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mech. Dev.
    Title
    Mechanisms of Development
    Publication Year
    1990-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0925-4773
    Data From Reference