|Citation||Jung, J., Xu, K., Lessing, D., Bonini, N.M. (2009). Preventing Ataxin-3 protein cleavage mitigates degeneration in a Drosophila model of SCA3. Hum. Mol. Genet. 18(24): 4843--4852. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Protein cleavage is a common feature in human neurodegenerative disease. Ataxin-3 protein with an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) repeat causes spinocerebellar ataxia type-3 (SCA3), also called Machado-Joseph disease, and is cleaved in mammalian cells, transgenic mice and SCA3 patient brain tissue. However, the pathological significance of Ataxin-3 cleavage has not been carefully examined. To gain insight into the significance of Ataxin-3 cleavage, we developed a Drosophila SL2 cell-based model as well as transgenic fly models. Our data indicate that Ataxin-3 protein cleavage is conserved in the fly and may be caspase-dependent as reported previously. Importantly, comparison of flies expressing either wild-type or caspase-site mutant proteins indicates that Ataxin-3 cleavage enhances neuronal loss in vivo. This genetic in vivo confirmation of the pathological role of Ataxin-3 cleavage indicates that therapies targeting Ataxin-3 cleavage might slow disease progression in SCA3 patients.|
What does this section display?
What does this section not display?
This section does not currently display links that were removed or gene model changes.
|All updates||Click here to see a list of all updates to this record from FB2010_08 and on.|
|Language of Publication||English|
|Additional Languages of Abstract|
|Also Published As|
|Abbreviation||Hum. Mol. Genet.|
|Title||Human Molecular Genetics|
|Data from Reference|
|Natural transposons (1)|