Open Close
Reference
Citation
Khaliullina, H., Panáková, D., Eugster, C., Riedel, F., Carvalho, M., Eaton, S. (2009). Patched regulates Smoothened trafficking using lipoprotein-derived lipids.  Development 136(24): 4111--4121.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0209344
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Hedgehog (Hh) is a lipoprotein-borne ligand that regulates both patterning and proliferation in a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. When Hh is absent, its receptor Patched (Ptc) represses Smoothened (Smo) signaling by an unknown catalytic mechanism that correlates with reduced Smo levels on the basolateral membrane. Ptc contains a sterol-sensing domain and is similar to the Niemann-Pick type C-1 protein, suggesting that Ptc might regulate lipid trafficking to repress Smo. However, no endogenous lipid regulators of Smo have yet been identified, nor has it ever been shown that Ptc actually controls lipid trafficking. Here, we show that Drosophila Ptc recruits internalized lipoproteins to Ptc-positive endosomes and that its sterol-sensing domain regulates trafficking of both lipids and Smo from this compartment. Ptc utilizes lipids derived from lipoproteins to destabilize Smo on the basolateral membrane. We propose that Ptc normally regulates Smo degradation by changing the lipid composition of endosomes through which Smo passes, and that the presence of Hh on lipoproteins inhibits utilization of their lipids by Ptc.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Development
    Title
    Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0950-1991
    Data From Reference