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Hashimoto, Y., Tabuchi, Y., Sakurai, K., Kutsuna, M., Kurokawa, K., Awasaki, T., Sekimizu, K., Nakanishi, Y., Shiratsuchi, A. (2009). Identification of lipoteichoic acid as a ligand for draper in the phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus by Drosophila hemocytes.  J. Immunol. 183(11): 7451--7460.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0209353
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Phagocytosis is central to cellular immunity against bacterial infections. As in mammals, both opsonin-dependent and -independent mechanisms of phagocytosis seemingly exist in Drosophila. Although candidate Drosophila receptors for phagocytosis have been reported, how they recognize bacteria, either directly or indirectly, remains to be elucidated. We searched for the Staphylococcus aureus genes required for phagocytosis by Drosophila hemocytes in a screening of mutant strains with defects in the structure of the cell wall. The genes identified included ltaS, which encodes an enzyme responsible for the synthesis of lipoteichoic acid. ltaS-dependent phagocytosis of S. aureus required the receptor Draper but not Eater or Nimrod C1, and Draper-lacking flies showed reduced resistance to a septic infection of S. aureus without a change in a humoral immune response. Finally, lipoteichoic acid bound to the extracellular region of Draper. We propose that lipoteichoic acid serves as a ligand for Draper in the phagocytosis of S. aureus by Drosophila hemocytes and that the phagocytic elimination of invading bacteria is required for flies to survive the infection.
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    J. Immunol.
    Title
    Journal of Immunology
    Publication Year
    1950-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0022-1767
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (11)
    Genes (12)
    Human Disease Models (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)