Open Close
Reference
Citation
Kim, H.J., Morrow, G., Westwood, J.T., Michaud, S., Tanguay, R.M. (2010). Gene expression profiling implicates OXPHOS complexes in lifespan extension of flies over-expressing a small mitochondrial chaperone, Hsp22.  Exp. Gerontol. 45(7-8): 611--620.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0210880
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Aging is a complex process accompanied by a decreased capacity to tolerate and respond to various stresses. Heat shock proteins as part of cell defense mechanisms are up-regulated following stress. In Drosophila, the mitochondrial Hsp22 is preferentially up-regulated in aged flies. Its over-expression results in an extension of lifespan and an increased resistance to stress. Hsp22 has chaperone-like activity in vitro, but the mechanism(s) by which it increases lifespan in flies are unknown. Genome-wide analysis was performed on long-lived Hsp22+ and control flies to unveil transcriptional changes brought by Hsp22. Transcriptomes obtained at 45days, 90% and 50% survival were then compared between them to focus more on genes up- or down-regulated in presence of higher levels of hsp22 mRNA. Hsp22+ flies display an up-regulation of genes mainly related to mitochondrial energy production and protein biosynthesis, two functions normally down-regulated during aging. Interestingly, among the 26 genes up-regulated in Hsp22+ flies, 7 genes encode for mitochondrial proteins, 5 of which being involved in OXPHOS complexes. Other genes that could influence aging such as CG5002, dGCC185 and GstS1 also displayed a regulation linked to Hsp22 expression. The up-regulation of genes of the OXPHOS system in Hsp22+ flies suggest that mitochondrial homeostasis is at the center of Hsp22 beneficial effects on lifespan.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Exp. Gerontol.
    Title
    Experimental Gerontology
    Publication Year
    1964-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0531-5565
    Data From Reference