Open Close
Reference
Citation
Wang, X., He, L., Wu, Y.I., Hahn, K.M., Montell, D.J. (2010). Light-mediated activation reveals a key role for Rac in collective guidance of cell movement in vivo.  Nat. Cell Biol. 12(6): 591--597.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0210896
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The small GTPase Rac induces actin polymerization, membrane ruffling and focal contact formation in cultured single cells but can either repress or stimulate motility in epithelial cells depending on the conditions. The role of Rac in collective epithelial cell movements in vivo, which are important for both morphogenesis and metastasis, is therefore difficult to predict. Recently, photoactivatable analogues of Rac (PA-Rac) have been developed, allowing rapid and reversible activation or inactivation of Rac using light. In cultured single cells, light-activated Rac leads to focal membrane ruffling, protrusion and migration. Here we show that focal activation of Rac is also sufficient to polarize an entire group of cells in vivo, specifically the border cells of the Drosophila ovary. Moreover, activation or inactivation of Rac in one cell of the cluster caused a dramatic response in the other cells, suggesting that the cells sense direction as a group according to relative levels of Rac activity. Communication between cells of the cluster required Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) but not guidance receptor signalling. These studies further show that photoactivatable proteins are effective tools in vivo.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2929827 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Related Publication(s)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nat. Cell Biol.
    Title
    Nature Cell Biology
    Publication Year
    1999-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1465-7392 1476-4679
    Data From Reference