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Citation
Walrad, P.B., Hang, S., Joseph, G.S., Salas, J., Gergen, J.P. (2010). Distinct contributions of conserved modules to runt transcription factor activity.  Mol. Biol. Cell 21(13): 2315--2326.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0211193
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Runx proteins play vital roles in regulating transcription in numerous developmental pathways throughout the animal kingdom. Two Runx protein hallmarks are the DNA-binding Runt domain and a C-terminal VWRPY motif that mediates interaction with TLE/Gro corepressor proteins. A phylogenetic analysis of Runt, the founding Runx family member, identifies four distinct regions C-terminal to the Runt domain that are conserved in Drosophila and other insects. We used a series of previously described ectopic expression assays to investigate the functions of these different conserved regions in regulating gene expression during embryogenesis and in controlling axonal projections in the developing eye. The results indicate each conserved region is required for a different subset of activities and identify distinct regions that participate in the transcriptional activation and repression of the segmentation gene sloppy-paired-1 (slp1). Interestingly, the C-terminal VWRPY-containing region is not required for repression but instead plays a role in slp1 activation. Genetic experiments indicating that Groucho (Gro) does not participate in slp1 regulation further suggest that Runt's conserved C-terminus interacts with other factors to promote transcriptional activation. These results provide a foundation for further studies on the molecular interactions that contribute to the context-dependent properties of Runx proteins as developmental regulators.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2893994 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Biol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Biology of the Cell
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1059-1524
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (1)
    Alleles (14)
    Genes (14)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (1)
    Experimental Tools (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (11)