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Citation
Bland, M.L., Lee, R.J., Magallanes, J.M., Foskett, J.K., Birnbaum, M.J. (2010). AMPK supports growth in Drosophila by regulating muscle activity and nutrient uptake in the gut.  Dev. Biol. 344(1): 293--303.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0211348
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The larval phase of the Drosophila life cycle is characterized by constant food intake, resulting in a two hundred-fold increase in mass over four days. Here we show that the conserved energy sensor AMPK is essential for nutrient intake in Drosophila. Mutants lacking dAMPKalpha are small, with low triglyceride levels, small fat body cells and early pupal lethality. Using mosaic analysis, we find that dAMPKalpha functions as a nonautonomous regulator of cell growth. Nutrient absorption is impaired in dAMPKalpha mutants, and this defect stems not from altered gut epithelial cell polarity but from impaired peristaltic activity. Expression of a wild-type dAMPKalpha transgene or an activated version of the AMPK target myosin regulatory light chain (MRLC) in the dAMPKalpha mutant visceral musculature restores gut function and growth. These data suggest strongly that AMPK regulates visceral smooth muscle function through phosphorylation of MRLC. Furthermore, our data show that in Drosophila, AMPK performs an essential cell-nonautonomous function, serving the needs of the organism by promoting activity of the visceral musculature and, consequently, nutrient intake.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2909368 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Biol.
    Title
    Developmental Biology
    Publication Year
    1959-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0012-1606
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (1)
    Alleles (14)
    Genes (12)
    Natural transposons (1)
    Insertions (3)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (9)