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Citation
Neubueser, D., Hipfner, D.R. (2010). Overlapping roles of Drosophila drak and rok kinases in epithelial tissue morphogenesis.  Mol. Biol. Cell 21(16): 2869--2879.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0211530
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Dynamic regulation of cytoskeletal contractility through phosphorylation of the nonmuscle Myosin-II regulatory light chain (MRLC) provides an essential source of tension for shaping epithelial tissues. Rho GTPase and its effector kinase ROCK have been implicated in regulating MRLC phosphorylation in vivo, but evidence suggests that other mechanisms must be involved. Here, we report the identification of a single Drosophila homologue of the Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) family, called Drak, as a regulator of MRLC phosphorylation. Based on analysis of null mutants, we find that Drak broadly promotes proper morphogenesis of epithelial tissues during development. Drak activity is largely redundant with that of the Drosophila ROCK orthologue, Rok, such that it is essential only when Rok levels are reduced. We demonstrate that these two kinases synergistically promote phosphorylation of Spaghetti squash (Sqh), the Drosophila MRLC orthologue, in vivo. The lethality of drak/rok mutants can be rescued by restoring Sqh activity, indicating that Sqh is the critical common effector of these two kinases. These results provide the first evidence that DAPK family kinases regulate actin dynamics in vivo and identify Drak as a novel component of the signaling networks that shape epithelial tissues.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2921115 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Biol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Biology of the Cell
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1059-1524
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (9)
    Genes (10)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Insertions (3)
    Transgenic Constructs (3)