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Citation
Fernandez-Valverde, S.L., Taft, R.J., Mattick, J.S. (2010). Dynamic isomiR regulation in Drosophila development.  RNA 16(10): 1881--1888.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0211828
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Several recent reports have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) can exhibit heterogeneous ends and post-transcriptional nontemplate 3' end additions of uridines or adenosines. Using two small RNA deep-sequencing data sets, we show here that these miRNA isoforms (isomiRs) are differentially expressed across Drosophila melanogaster development and tissues. Specifically, we demonstrate that: (1) nontemplate nucleotide additions of adenosines to miRNA 3' ends are highly abundant in early development; (2) a subset of miRNAs with nontemplate 3' Us are expressed in adult tissues; and (3) the size of at least eight "mature" (unmodified) miRNAs varies in a life-cycle or tissue-specific manner. These results suggest that subtle variability in isomiR expression, which is widely thought to be the result of inexact Dicer processing, is regulated and biologically meaningful. Indeed, a subset of the miRNAs enriched for 3' adenosine additions during early embryonic development, including miR-282 and miR-312, show enrichment for target sites in developmental genes that are expressed during late embryogenesis, suggesting that nontemplate additions increase miRNA stability or strengthen miRNA:target interactions. This work suggests that isomiR expression is an important aspect of miRNA biology, which warrants further investigation.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC2941097 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    RNA
    Title
    RNA (New York, N.Y.)
    Publication Year
    1995-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1355-8382
    Data From Reference