Open Close
Reference
Citation
Gempe, T., Beye, M. (2011). Function and evolution of sex determination mechanisms, genes and pathways in insects.  BioEssays 33(1): 52--60.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0212645
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

Animals have evolved a bewildering diversity of mechanisms to determine the two sexes. Studies of sex determination genes--their history and function--in non-model insects and Drosophila have allowed us to begin to understand the generation of sex determination diversity. One common theme from these studies is that evolved mechanisms produce activities in either males or females to control a shared gene switch that regulates sexual development. Only a few small-scale changes in existing and duplicated genes are sufficient to generate large differences in sex determination systems. This review summarises recent findings in insects, surveys evidence of how and why sex determination mechanisms can change rapidly and suggests fruitful areas of future research.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3040292 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    BioEssays
    Title
    BioEssays
    Publication Year
    1984-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0265-9247
    Data From Reference
    Genes (8)