|Citation||Napoletano, F., Occhi, S., Calamita, P., Volpi, V., Blanc, E., Charroux, B., Royet, J., Fanto, M. (2011). Polyglutamine Atrophin provokes neurodegeneration in Drosophila by repressing fat. EMBO J. 30(5): 945--958. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Large alterations in transcription accompany neurodegeneration in polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases. These pathologies manifest both general polyQ toxicity and mutant protein-specific effects. In this study, we report that the fat tumour suppressor gene mediates neurodegeneration induced by the polyQ protein Atrophin. We have monitored early transcriptional alterations in a Drosophila model of Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian Atrophy and found that polyQ Atrophins downregulate fat. Fat protects from neurodegeneration and Atrophin toxicity through the Hippo kinase cascade. Fat/Hippo signalling does not provoke neurodegeneration by stimulating overgrowth; rather, it alters the autophagic flux in photoreceptor neurons, thereby affecting cell homeostasis. Our data thus provide a crucial insight into the specific mechanism of a polyQ disease and reveal an unexpected neuroprotective role of the Fat/Hippo pathway.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Title||The EMBO Journal|
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