|Citation||Wen, Y., Parrish, J.Z., He, R., Zhai, R.G., Kim, M.D. (2011). Nmnat exerts neuroprotective effects in dendrites and axons. Mol. Cell. Neurosci. 48(1): 1--8. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Dendrites can be maintained for extended periods of time after they initially establish coverage of their receptive field. The long-term maintenance of dendrites underlies synaptic connectivity, but how neurons establish and then maintain their dendritic arborization patterns throughout development is not well understood. Here, we show that the NAD synthase Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (Nmnat) is cell-autonomously required for maintaining type-specific dendritic coverage of Drosophila dendritic arborization (da) sensory neurons. In nmnat heterozygous mutants, dendritic arborization patterns of class IV da neurons are properly established before increased retraction and decreased growth of terminal branches lead to progressive defects in dendritic coverage during later stages of development. Although sensory axons are largely intact in nmnat heterozygotes, complete loss of nmnat function causes severe axonal degeneration, demonstrating differential requirements for nmnat dosage in the maintenance of dendritic arborization patterns and axonal integrity. Overexpression of Nmnat suppresses dendrite maintenance defects associated with loss of the tumor suppressor kinase Warts (Wts), providing evidence that Nmnat, in addition to its neuroprotective role in axons, can function as a protective factor against progressive dendritic loss. Moreover, motor neurons deficient for nmnat show progressive defects in both dendrites and axons. Our studies reveal an essential role for endogenous Nmnat function in the maintenance of both axonal and dendritic integrity and present evidence of a broad neuroprotective role for Nmnat in the central nervous system.|
What does this section display?
What does this section not display?
This section does not currently display links that were removed or gene model changes.
|All updates||Click here to see a list of all updates to this record from FB2010_08 and on.|
|Language of Publication||English|
|Additional Languages of Abstract|
|Also Published As|
|Abbreviation||Mol. Cell. Neurosci.|
|Title||Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences|
|Data from Reference|