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Citation
Jambor, H., Brunel, C., Ephrussi, A. (2011). Dimerization of oskar 3' UTRs promotes hitchhiking for RNA localization in the Drosophila oocyte.  RNA 17(12): 2049--2057.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0216720
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

mRNA localization coupled with translational control is a highly conserved and widespread mechanism for restricting protein expression to specific sites within eukaryotic cells. In Drosophila, patterning of the embryo requires oskar mRNA transport to the posterior pole of the oocyte and translational repression prior to localization. oskar RNA splicing and the 3' untranslated region (UTR) are required for posterior enrichment of the mRNA. However, reporter RNAs harboring the oskar 3' UTR can localize by hitchhiking with endogenous oskar transcripts. Here we show that the oskar 3' UTR contains a stem-loop structure that promotes RNA dimerization in vitro and hitchhiking in vivo. Mutations in the loop that abolish in vitro dimerization interfere with reporter RNA localization, and restoring loop complementarity restores hitchhiking. Our analysis provides insight into the molecular basis of RNA hitchhiking, whereby localization-incompetent RNA molecules can become locally enriched in the cytoplasm, by virtue of their association with transport-competent RNAs.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3222118 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    RNA
    Title
    RNA (New York, N.Y.)
    Publication Year
    1995-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1355-8382
    Data From Reference