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Citation
Sun, X., Komatsu, T., Lim, J., Laslo, M., Yolitz, J., Wang, C., Poirier, L., Alberico, T., Zou, S. (2012). Nutrient-dependent requirement for SOD1 in lifespan extension by protein restriction in Drosophila melanogaster.  Aging Cell 11(5): 783--793.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0219634
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) modulate aging and aging-related diseases. Dietary composition is critical in modulating lifespan. However, how ROS modulate dietary effects on lifespan remains poorly understood. Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) is a major cytosolic enzyme responsible for scavenging superoxides. Here we investigated the role of SOD1 in lifespan modulation by diet in Drosophila. We found that a high sugar-low protein (HS-LP) diet or low-calorie diet with low-sugar content, representing protein restriction, increased lifespan but not resistance to acute oxidative stress in wild-type flies, relative to a standard base diet. A low sugar-high protein diet had an opposite effect. Our genetic analysis indicated that SOD1 overexpression or dfoxo deletion did not alter lifespan patterns of flies responding to diets. However, sod1 reduction blunted lifespan extension by the HS-LP diet but not the low-calorie diet. HS-LP and low-calorie diets both reduced target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling and only the HS-LP diet increased oxidative damage. sod1 knockdown did not affect phosphorylation of S6 kinase, suggesting that SOD1 acts in parallel with or downstream of TOR signaling. Surprisingly, rapamycin decreased lifespan in sod1 mutant but not wild-type males fed the standard, HS-LP, and low-calorie diets, whereas antioxidant N-acetylcysteine only increased lifespan in sod1 mutant males fed the HS-LP diet, when compared to diet-matched controls. Our findings suggest that SOD1 is required for lifespan extension by protein restriction only when dietary sugar is high and support the context-dependent role of ROS in aging and caution the use of rapamycin and antioxidants in aging interventions.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3444681 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Aging Cell
    Title
    Aging Cell
    Publication Year
    2002-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1474-9718 1474-9728
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (8)
    Genes (12)
    Insertions (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (4)