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Citation
Stefanatos, R., Sriram, A., Kiviranta, E., Mohan, A., Ayala, V., Jacobs, H.T., Pamplona, R., Sanz, A. (2012). dj-1β regulates oxidative stress, insulin-like signaling and development in Drosophila melanogaster.  Cell Cycle 11(20): 3876--3886.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0219725
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

DJ-1 (or PARK-7) is a multifunctional protein implicated in numerous pathologies including cancer, sterility and Parkinson disease (PD). The popular genetic model Drosophila melanogaster has two orthologs, dj-1: α and β. Dysfunction of dj-1β strongly impairs fly mobility in an age-dependent manner. In this study, we analyze in detail the molecular mechanism underlying the dj-1β mutant phenotype. Mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide production, but not superoxide production, was increased in mutant flies. An increase in peroxide leak from mitochondria causes oxidative damage elsewhere and explains the strong reduction in mobility caused by dj-1β mutation. However, at the same time, increased levels of hydrogen peroxide activated a pro-survival program characterized by (1) an alteration in insulin-like signaling, (2) an increase in mitochondrial biogenesis and (3) an increase in the de-acetylase activity of sirtuins. The activation of this pro-survival program was associated with increased longevity under conditions of moderate oxidative stress. Additionally, the dj-1β mutation unexpectedly accelerated development, a phenotype not previously associated with this mutation. Our results reveal an important role of dj-1β in oxidative stress handling, insulin-like signaling and development in Drosophila melanogaster.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3495829 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Cell Cycle
    Title
    Cell Cycle
    Publication Year
    2002
    ISBN/ISSN
    1538-4101 1551-4005
    Data From Reference
    Genes (1)
    Human Disease Models (1)