Open Close
Reference
Citation
Steffen, P.A., Fonseca, J.P., Gänger, C., Dworschak, E., Kockmann, T., Beisel, C., Ringrose, L. (2013). Quantitative in vivo analysis of chromatin binding of Polycomb and Trithorax group proteins reveals retention of ASH1 on mitotic chromatin.  Nucleic Acids Res. 41(10): 5235--5250.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0221688
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The Polycomb (PcG) and Trithorax (TrxG) group proteins work antagonistically on several hundred developmentally important target genes, giving stable mitotic memory, but also allowing flexibility of gene expression states. How this is achieved in quantitative terms is poorly understood. Here, we present a quantitative kinetic analysis in living Drosophila of the PcG proteins Enhancer of Zeste, (E(Z)), Pleiohomeotic (PHO) and Polycomb (PC) and the TrxG protein absent, small or homeotic discs 1 (ASH1). Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy reveal highly dynamic chromatin binding behaviour for all proteins, with exchange occurring within seconds. We show that although the PcG proteins substantially dissociate from mitotic chromatin, ASH1 remains robustly associated with chromatin throughout mitosis. Finally, we show that chromatin binding by ASH1 and PC switches from an antagonistic relationship in interphase, to a cooperative one during mitosis. These results provide quantitative insights into PcG and TrxG chromatin-binding dynamics and have implications for our understanding of the molecular nature of epigenetic memory.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3664806 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Nucleic Acids Res.
    Title
    Nucleic Acids Research
    Publication Year
    1974-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0305-1048
    Data From Reference