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Citation
Czech, B., Preall, J.B., McGinn, J., Hannon, G.J. (2013). A Transcriptome-wide RNAi Screen in the Drosophila Ovary Reveals Factors of the Germline piRNA Pathway.  Mol. Cell 50(5): 749--761.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0221759
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
The Drosophila piRNA pathway provides an RNA-based immune system that defends the germline genome against selfish genetic elements. Two interrelated branches of the piRNA system exist: somatic cells that support oogenesis only employ Piwi, whereas germ cells utilize a more elaborate pathway centered on the three gonad-specific Argonaute proteins (Piwi, Aubergine, and Argonaute 3). While several key factors of each branch have been identified, our current knowledge is insufficient to explain the complex workings of the piRNA machinery. Here, we report a reverse genetic screen spanning the ovarian transcriptome in an attempt to uncover the full repertoire of genes required for piRNA-mediated transposon silencing in the female germline. Our screen reveals key factors of piRNA-mediated transposon silencing, including the piRNA biogenesis factors CG2183 (GASZ) and Deadlock. Our data uncover a previously unanticipated set of factors preferentially required for repression of different transposon types.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3724427 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Cell
    Title
    Molecular Cell
    Publication Year
    1997-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1097-2765 1097-4164
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (185)
    Genes (143)
    Cell Lines (1)
    Natural transposons (81)
    Insertions (2)
    Experimental Tools (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (183)