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Citation
Huang, H., Klein, P.S. (2004). The Frizzled family: receptors for multiple signal transduction pathways.  Genome Biol. 5(7): 234.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0222139
Publication Type
Review
Abstract
Frizzled genes encode integral membrane proteins that function in multiple signal transduction pathways. They have been identified in diverse animals, from sponges to humans. The family is defined by conserved structural features, including seven hydrophobic domains and a cysteine-rich ligand-binding domain. Frizzled proteins are receptors for secreted Wnt proteins, as well as other ligands, and also play a critical role in the regulation of cell polarity. Frizzled genes are essential for embryonic development, tissue and cell polarity, formation of neural synapses, and the regulation of proliferation, and many other processes in developing and adult organisms; mutations in human frizzled-4 have been linked to familial exudative vitreoretinopathy. It is not yet clear how Frizzleds couple to downstream effectors, and this is a focus of intense study.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC463283 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genome Biol.
    Title
    Genome Biology
    Publication Year
    2000-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1465-6906 1474-7596 1474-760X
    Data From Reference
    Gene Groups (1)
    Genes (13)