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Citation
Kurata, S. (2014). Peptidoglycan recognition proteins in Drosophila immunity.  Dev. Comp. Immunol. 42(1): 36--41.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0223078
Publication Type
Review
Abstract
Innate immunity is the front line of self-defense against infectious non-self in vertebrates and invertebrates. The innate immune system is mediated by germ-line encoding pattern recognition molecules (pathogen sensors) that recognize conserved molecular patterns present in the pathogens but absent in the host. Peptidoglycans (PGN) are essential cell wall components of almost all bacteria, except mycoplasma lacking a cell wall, which provides the host immune system an advantage for detecting invading bacteria. Several families of pattern recognition molecules that detect PGN and PGN-derived compounds have been indentified, and the role of PGRP family members in host defense is relatively well-characterized in Drosophila. This review focuses on the role of PGRP family members in the recognition of invading bacteria and the activation and modulation of immune responses in Drosophila.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3808481 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Dev. Comp. Immunol.
    Title
    Developmental and Comparative Immunology
    Publication Year
    1977-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0145-305X
    Data From Reference