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Yagi, Y., Lim, Y.M., Tsuda, L., Nishida, Y. (2013). fat facets induces polyubiquitination of Imd and inhibits the innate immune response in Drosophila.  Genes Cells 18(11): 934--945.
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The IMD pathway is one of the major regulators of the innate immune response in Drosophila. Although extensive analysis of the IMD pathway has been carried out, precise mechanisms for how each target gene of the pathway is down-regulated remain to be clarified. Here, we carried out genetic screening and found that fat facets (faf), which encodes a deubiquitinating enzyme, inhibited the expression of the target genes of the IMD pathway. Overexpression of faf suppressed the infection-induced expression of Diptericin and increased susceptibility to bacterial infection in flies, whereas faf loss-of-function mutants decreased susceptibility. Time course analysis revealed that specific subsets of the target genes of the IMD pathway were affected by faf. Biochemical analysis showed that Faf made a complex with Imd, and both Faf and Imd were polyubiquitinated when they were co-overexpressed. Given that faf-dependent Imd polyubiquitination did not seem to cause protein degradation of Imd, Faf might inhibit the IMD pathway by modulating the state of Imd ubiquitination and/or stability.

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    Genes Cells
    Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms
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