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Citation
Freeman, E.G., Wisotsky, Z., Dahanukar, A. (2014). Detection of sweet tastants by a conserved group of insect gustatory receptors.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 111(4): 1598--1603.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0224008
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Sweet taste cells play critical roles in food selection and feeding behaviors. Drosophila sweet neurons express eight gustatory receptors (Grs) belonging to a highly conserved clade in insects. Despite ongoing efforts, little is known about the fundamental principles that underlie how sweet tastants are detected by these receptors. Here, we provide a systematic functional analysis of Drosophila sweet receptors using the ab1C CO2-sensing olfactory neuron as a unique in vivo decoder. We find that each of the eight receptors of this group confers sensitivity to one or more sweet tastants, indicating direct roles in ligand recognition for all sweet receptors. Receptor response profiles are validated by analysis of taste responses in corresponding Gr mutants. The response matrix shows extensive overlap in Gr-ligand interactions and loosely separates sweet receptors into two groups matching their relationships by sequence. We then show that expression of a bitter taste receptor confers sensitivity to selected aversive tastants that match the responses of the neuron that the Gr is derived from. Finally, we characterize an internal fructose-sensing receptor, Gr43a, and its ortholog in the malaria mosquito, AgGr25, in the ab1C expression system. We find that both receptors show robust responses to fructose along with a number of other sweet tastants. Our results provide a molecular basis for tastant detection by the entire repertoire of sweet taste receptors in the fly and lay the foundation for studying Grs in mosquitoes and other insects that transmit deadly diseases.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC3910600 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
Related Publication(s)
Note

An expression system for Gustatory receptors-and why it failed.
Amrein, 2014, Fly 8(4): 232--233 [FBrf0228947]

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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
    Title
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Publication Year
    1915-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0027-8424
    Data From Reference