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Barclay, S.S., Tamura, T., Ito, H., Fujita, K., Tagawa, K., Shimamura, T., Katsuta, A., Shiwaku, H., Sone, M., Imoto, S., Miyano, S., Okazawa, H. (2014). Systems biology analysis of Drosophila in vivo screen data elucidates core networks for DNA damage repair in SCA1.  Hum. Mol. Genet. 23(5): 1345--1364.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0224050
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

DNA damage repair is implicated in neurodegenerative diseases; however, the relative contributions of various DNA repair systems to the pathology of these diseases have not been investigated systematically. In this study, we performed a systematic in vivo screen of all available Drosophila melanogaster homolog DNA repair genes, and we tested the effect of their overexpression on lifespan and developmental viability in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1 (SCA1) Drosophila models expressing human mutant Ataxin-1 (Atxn1). We identified genes previously unknown to be involved in CAG-/polyQ-related pathogenesis that function in multiple DNA damage repair systems. Beyond the significance of each repair system, systems biology analyses unraveled the core networks connecting positive genes in the gene screen that could contribute to SCA1 pathology. In particular, RpA1, which had the largest effect on lifespan in the SCA1 fly model, was located at the hub position linked to such core repair systems, including homologous recombination (HR). We revealed that Atxn1 actually interacted with RpA1 and its essential partners BRCA1/2. Furthermore, mutant but not normal Atxn1 impaired the dynamics of RpA1 in the nucleus after DNA damage. Uptake of BrdU by Purkinje cells was observed in mutant Atxn1 knockin mice, suggesting their abnormal entry to the S-phase. In addition, chemical and genetic inhibitions of Chk1 elongated lifespan and recovered eye degeneration. Collectively, we elucidated core networks for DNA damage repair in SCA1 that might include the aberrant usage of HR.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Hum. Mol. Genet.
    Title
    Human Molecular Genetics
    Publication Year
    1992-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0964-6906
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (45)
    Gene Groups (1)
    Genes (49)
    Human Disease Models (1)
    Insertions (41)
    Transgenic Constructs (4)