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Citation
Chery, J., Larschan, E. (2014). X-marks the spot: X-chromosome identification during dosage compensation.  Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1839(3): 234--240.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0224352
Publication Type
Review
Abstract
Dosage compensation is the essential process that equalizes the dosage of X-linked genes between the sexes in heterogametic species. Because all of the genes along the length of a single chromosome are co-regulated, dosage compensation serves as a model system for understanding how domains of coordinate gene regulation are established. Dosage compensation has been best studied in mammals, flies and worms. Although dosage compensation systems are seemingly diverse across species, there are key shared principles of nucleation and spreading that are critical for accurate targeting of the dosage compensation complex to the X-chromosome(s). We will highlight the mechanisms by which long non-coding RNAs function together with DNA sequence elements to tether dosage compensation complexes to the X-chromosome. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Chromatin and epigenetic regulation of animal development.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4904840 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta
    Title
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
    Publication Year
    1947-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0006-3002
    Data From Reference
    Genes (2)