Steroid hormones trigger a wide variety of biological responses through stage- and tissue-specific activation of target gene expression. The mechanisms that provide specificity to systemically released pulses of steroids, however, remain poorly understood. We previously completed a forward genetic screen for mutations that disrupt the destruction of larval salivary glands during metamorphosis in Drosophila melanogaster, a process triggered by the steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (ecdysone). Here, we characterize 10 complementation groups mapped to genes from this screen. Most of these mutations disrupt the ecdysone-induced expression of death activators, thereby failing to initiate tissue destruction. However, other responses to ecdysone, even within salivary glands, occur normally in mutant animals. Many of these newly identified regulators of ecdysone signaling, including brwd3, med12, med24, pak, and psg2, represent novel components of the ecdysone-triggered transcriptional hierarchy. These genes function combinatorially to provide specificity to ecdysone pulses, amplifying the hormonal cue in a stage-, tissue-, and target gene-specific manner. Most of the ecdysone response genes identified in this screen encode homologs of mammalian nuclear receptor coregulators, demonstrating an unexpected degree of functional conservation in the mechanisms that regulate steroid signaling between insects and mammals.