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Citation
Nakayama, M., Ishibashi, T., Ishikawa, H.O., Sato, H., Usui, T., Okuda, T., Yashiro, H., Ishikawa, H., Taikou, Y., Minami, A., Kato, K., Taki, M., Aigaki, T., Gunji, W., Ohtsu, M., Murakami, Y., Tanuma, S., Tsuboi, A., Adachi, M., Kuroda, J., Sasamura, T., Yamakawa, T., Matsuno, K. (2014). A gain-of-function screen to identify genes that reduce lifespan in the adult of Drosophila melanogaster.  BMC Genet. 15(1): 46.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0224761
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Several lines of evidence associate misregulated genetic expression with risk factors for diabetes, Alzheimer's, and other diseases that sporadically develop in healthy adults with no background of hereditary disorders. Thus, we are interested in genes that may be expressed normally through parts of an individual's life, but can cause physiological defects and disease when misexpressed in adulthood. We attempted to identify these genes in a model organism by arbitrarily misexpressing specific genes in adult Drosophila melanogaster, using 14,133 Gene Search lines. We identified 39 "reduced-lifespan genes" that, when misexpressed in adulthood, shortened the flies' lifespan to less than 30% of that of control flies. About half of these genes have human orthologs that are known to be involved in human diseases. For about one-fourth of the reduced-lifespan genes, suppressing apoptosis restored the lifespan shortened by their misexpression. We determined the organs responsible for reduced lifespan when these genes were misexpressed specifically in adulthood, and found that while some genes induced reduced lifespan only when misexpressed in specific adult organs, others could induce reduced lifespan when misexpressed in various organs. This finding suggests that tissue-specific dysfunction may be involved in reduced lifespan related to gene misexpression. Gene ontology analysis showed that reduced-lifespan genes are biased toward genes related to development. We identified 39 genes that, when misexpressed in adulthood, shortened the lifespan of adult flies. Suppressing apoptosis rescued this shortened lifespan for only a subset of the reduced-lifespan genes. The adult tissues in which gene misexpression caused early death differed among the reduced-lifespan genes. These results suggest that the cause of reduced lifespan upon misexpression differed among the genes.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC4021436 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    BMC Genet.
    Title
    BMC Genetics
    Publication Year
    2000-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1471-2156
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (88)
    Genes (42)
    Insertions (83)
    Transgenic Constructs (6)