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Rudrapatna, V.A., Bangi, E., Cagan, R.L. (2014). A Jnk-Rho-Actin remodeling positive feedback network directs Src-driven invasion.  Oncogene 33(21): 2801--2806.
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FBrf0225132
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Current models of tumor cell invasion propose that oncogenic signaling converges upon key orchestrators of cytoskeletal dynamics, including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (Jnk) and RhoGTPase family members; these signals dynamically direct Actin remodeling proteins (ARPs) to catalyze the cytoskeletal changes required for migration. Src is a key driver of tumor aggression, metastasis and patient mortality. To clarify how Src regulates Actin dynamics to promote invasive migration, we performed a genetic modifier screen in a Drosophila model of invasion. Nine genes linked to Actin dynamics were identified that mediate invasion in situ. We found that ARPs were required for many oncogenic effects of Src including Mmp1 expression and initiation of apoptosis. Surprisingly, they were also regulators of Jnk pathway activity: both Src and the small GTPase Rho1 activated Jnk in a manner dependent on ARPs during invasion. Our results suggest that ARPs are not simply downstream executors of signal transduction pathways. Rather, they participate in a positive feedback network involving canonical oncogenic signaling pathways that promote tumor invasion.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Oncogene
    Title
    Oncogene
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0950-9232
    Data From Reference